If we asked a passerby who is there Queen Elizabeth, or maybe we would show him a photograph of him without saying anything, he would most likely reply that the woman portrayed is the Queen of England. Nobody would complain about this “definition”. After all, the English sovereign is one of the most recognizable faces in the world. Its effigy appears on the coins of 35 states, reaching a record. Elizabeth II has been on the British throne since February 6, 1952, when she was only 25 years old (but the coronation took place on June 2, 1953). It is the fourth longest-lived monarch in history. Think that his reign surpassed even that of the Mayan king Pakal the Great, who led his people from 615 to 683.
To become the longest-running queen, Elizabeth will have to overcome three other “contenders”, including the first in the standings to date, ie the Sun King, who reigned for 72 years and 110 days. For now, Queen Elizabeth remains the longest-serving sovereign in British history, having passed the ancestor Victoria, on the throne for 63 years and 216 days. Time is definitely on her side, it has helped her become a world icon, a kind of living Mona Lisa (who doesn’t know the painting La Gioconda?). Despite all these records and the fame that accompanies the sovereign, however, almost all of us continue to make the same mistake when we indicate it on a photo, we talk about it, even when we write about her.
The interesting fact is that very often we know we are wrong, but the habit, the convention and the goal of easy and quick communication make us overlook the inaccuracy. The misunderstanding in the title of queen of Englandhowever, it is of no small importance and carries with it the consequences of important political and geographical changes. Express magazine explains the matter better. The birth title of the monarch is Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York. So Lilibet was born princess, has always had the treatment of royal height (the same taken from Harry and Meghan, so to speak) and is the daughter of King George VI (in office from 1936 to 1952). The latter was not destined to reign and his father, George V (in office from 1910 to 1936), appointed him Duke of York in 1920 (that’s why the young Lilibet has that “York” in the name).
As we know, the brother of George VI, Edward VIII, abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson and English history changed in favor of Elizabeth. When George VI died on February 6, 1952, his daughter became Elizabeth II, by the grace of God, the United Kingdom, Great Britain, Northern Ireland and queen of her other kingdoms and territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith. . This is the complete and official title of Queen Elizabeth. A somewhat “unfortunate” sovereign from a certain point of view, since at the beginning of her reign the glories of the ancient Indian and Irish domains were already History. His father was the last emperor of India and the last king of all Ireland.
Elizabeth II is also known by other unofficial titles. For example in Canada it is “Mother of all People”, “Mother of all People”, in Jamaica “The Queen Lady”, “The Lady Queen”. For the Maori in New Zealand, Queen Elizabeth is “Kotuku”, or “The White Heron”, in the Fiji Islands “Tui Viti” or “Vunivalu”, which means “queen”, while in the Channel Islands she is known as the Duke of Normandy. Yet Elizabeth II is not Queen of England. To tell the truth, the last real queen of England was Elizabeth I, the “Virgin Queen”, the last of the Tudors (in office from 1558 to 1603). To understand why, we have to go back in time. As the Royal Central website explains, for centuries England and Scotland have been two separate and fighting realms.
England had been a unitary state since 927, while the Kingdom of Scotland dates back to 843. When Elizabeth I queen of England and Ireland died in 1603, she left no direct heirs and apparently did not appoint any successors. Historians debate what his will really was about it, but the truth never surfaced. Perhaps Elizabeth I would have preferred that the descendants of her sister, Maria Tudor, reigned after her, but it is likely that we will never know. This uncertainty brought on the throne the only person powerful enough to be able to claim the crown, or King Giacomo Stuart of Scotland (1603.1625). This ruler was crowned James VI of Scotland and James I of England and Ireland. With him, for the first time, the kingdoms of Ireland, Scotland and England were unified.
Small detail: James became sovereign of England through an official proclamation made by a council known as the Council of Accession. It had never happened before, but from then on it would become the practice for the coronation of all English monarchs. The union of the Crowns under a single sovereign did not immediately coincide with an effective merger of the States, which continued to keep Parliament and laws separate. For official unification we will have to wait for the Act of Union of 1707, when England and Scotland joined their destinies becoming the United Kingdom of Great Britain. This name derives from that of the largest island in Europe, the Great Britain in fact, which is also the largest in the British archipelago.
The Kingdom of Ireland, however, was incorporated in 1801 and the nomenclature of the new state changed again to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (in fact to say Great Britain to mean the entire United Kingdom would be improper, although it is now a habit consolidated). In 1922, after the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921), the political situation changed again and the post-war Anglo-Irish Treaty gave the British Crown only Northern Ireland. The circle closes. This is why Queen Elizabeth cannot be called Queen of England and why her power does not extend over all of Ireland. L’EnglandIn short, she has changed its policy and no longer exists as an independent realm face. Today the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is united in the name of Queen Elizabeth and includes, in addition to Northern Ireland, Scotland (with all due respect to Sean Connery), Wales and, precisely, England.
On the day The Queen visited The Royal Philatelic Society, we are sharing these archive photographs featuring members of The Royal Family. You Can Also take part on our quiz by clicking on our Instagram story. The photographs (1-4) taken by Dorothy Wilding, of Her Majesty in 1952, were used as the basis of The Queen’s image on postage stamps from 1953 until 1971. In two sittings, photographer Wilding took 59 images of The Queen. In 5, Arnold Machin’s effigy of The Queen, which has featured on UK stamps since 1967, is widely considered to be one of the most reproduced and iconic images in the world. It has been re-printed an estimated 220 billion times, in more than 130 different colors. In 6, the world’s first stamp, the Penny Black, featured an effigy of the head of Queen Victoria, as engraved by William Wyon (official chief engraver at the Royal Mint) to mark her coronation in 1838. Special stamps have been produced featuring The Queen, including for Her Majesty’s 80th Birthday in 2006 and The 60th Anniversary of The Queen’s Coronation in 2013. PA & Royal Collection Trust